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COVID-19 Vaccine information

COVID-19 vaccines are safe, effective, free, and widely available. Everyone 5 and older should receive a COVID-19 vaccine. You do not need an ID or insurance to get a vaccine. There are currently three COVID-19 vaccines available in the United States: Pfizer, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson (Janssen). Pfizer vaccine should be given to individuals 5 years of age and older. Moderna and Johnson & Johnson vaccines should be given to individuals 18 years and older.

COVID-19 vaccines teach our immune systems how to recognize and fight the virus that causes COVID-19. Sometimes this process can cause side effects, such as fever, tiredness, headache, muscle pain or redness or pain on the arm you received the shot. These symptoms are normal and are signs that the body is building protection against the virus that causes COVID-19.

COVID-19 vaccines protect people from getting infected and severely ill, and significantly reduce the likelihood for hospitalization and death. Some people who are fully vaccinated against COVID-19 will still get sick because no vaccine is 100% effective; these are called breakthrough cases.

Vaccinating children will help protect them from getting COVID-19, therefore reducing their risk of severe disease, hospitalization and long-term COVID-19 complications. Getting your children vaccinated can also reduce disruptions to in-person learning and activities by helping curb community transmission.

COVID-19 Vaccines – Primary Series and Booster dose

COVID-19 Vaccine Booster Doses

A “booster dose” should be given to everyone 12 years and older when the immune response to a primary vaccine series is likely to have decreased over time. The primary COVID-19 vaccination series continues to be highly effective at reducing severe disease, hospitalization, and death caused by COVID-19. The booster dose is intended to boost the immune system for better, long lasting protection.

COVID-19 Vaccine Additional Doses

An “additional dose” is recommended for people who may not have received adequate protection from their initial vaccine series. Individuals 5 years and older that are moderately to severely immunocompromised should receive an additional dose, as long as at least 28 days have passed since completing the initial two-dose vaccine series of Pfizer or Moderna.

Immunocompromised people have a reduced ability to fight disease, a lower immune response to the original vaccine series compared to other fully vaccinated people, and are especially vulnerable to COVID-19 infection.

Children Ages 5-11 Years who are Moderately or Severely Immunocompromised
Children ages 5 through 11 years who are moderately or severely immunocompromised should receive a primary series of 3 doses of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine. A booster is not recommended for this age group at this time.


Individuals 12 Years and Older who are Moderately or Severely Immunocompromised
People ages 12 years and older who are moderately or severely immunocompromised should receive a total of 4 doses of COVID-19 vaccine. The 4 doses are made up of a primary series of 3 doses of an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine, plus 1 booster of an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine (4th dose).

*Although mRNA vaccines are preferred for people 18 years and older, J&J/Janssen COVID-19 vaccine may be considered in some situations.

People Who are Moderately or Severely Immunocompromised and Have Received a Johnson & Johnson/Janssen Vaccine

People ages 18 years and older who are moderately or severely immunocompromised and received the 1 dose Johnson & Johnson’s Janssen COVID-19 vaccine should get a second dose of either Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna COVID-19 vaccine (mRNA COVID-19 vaccines). They should also receive a booster—for a total of 3 doses.

*Although mRNA vaccines are preferred for people 18 years and older, J&J/Janssen COVID-19 vaccine may be considered in some situations.

Get Vaccinated and Stay Up to Date

Up to date means a person has received all recommended COVID-19 vaccines, including any booster dose(s) when eligible.

Fully vaccinated means a person has received their primary series of COVID-19 vaccines.

Key Things to Know about COVID-19 Vaccines

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Types of Vaccine Available

Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine
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Johnson & Johnson’s Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine
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Pfizer COVID-19 Vaccine
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CDC: Benefits of getting vaccinated

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Getting Your COVID-19 VACCINE

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COVID-19 Vaccines for Children and Teens

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Before, During and After Shots

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COVID-19 Vaccines While Pregnant or Breastfeeding

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Pregnant and Recently Pregnant People - At Increased Risk for Severe Illness from COVID-19

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Get Vaccinated Even if you Have Had COVID-19

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CDC: Recommendations for Fully Vaccinated People

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WI DHS: State Vaccination Page

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Vaccine Data for Wisconsin Residents

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Finding a COVID-19 Vaccination Location

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